Australian news, and some related international items

Strong public demand for climate action, but Australian government determined to punish climate protesters,

An increasingly outraged public is demanding action in a nation intimately linked to coal mining. The government has responded by threatening a new law to punish protesters. NYT, By Damien Cave and Livia Albeck-Ripka, Nov. 6, 2019 SYDNEY, Australia — One climate activist halted train service by chaining himself to the tracks. Others have glued themselves to busy roads, causing gridlock. And just last week, protesters locked arms to stop people from entering a mining conference before being forcibly dispersed by police officers with pepper spray.

A surge of climate activism is flooding Australia as the country falls behind on its promise to reduce emissions — effectively ignoring the Paris Agreement the Trump administration just abandoned. Prime Minister Scott Morrison has responded with a threat that’s alarmed scientists and free speech advocates, arguing that the government should outlaw “indulgent and selfish” efforts by environmental groups to rattle businesses with rallies and boycotts. “The right to protest does not mean there is an unlimited license to disrupt people’s lives,” Mr. Morrison said, adding, “I am very concerned about this new form of progressivism.”

Australia’s “climate wars,” once confined to election campaigns, are now spilling into the streets with some of the biggest protests the country has ever seen. An increasingly outraged public is demanding action while the conservative national government refuses to budge, relying on the police to squelch dissent……..

Two years ago, when Mr. Morrison was Australia’s treasurer, he stood up in the House of Representatives with a hunk of black coal in his hand.

“Don’t be afraid. Don’t be scared,” he said. “It won’t hurt you.”

His shiny prop had been shellacked to keep his hands clean, but the point he made then is one he and his governing coalition stand by: Coal is good……Now, Australia is the world’s largest coal exporter. It is also a major exporter of natural gas, making for a resource-driven country that is

“rich, dumb and getting dumber,” according to one recent headline summarizing the findings of a Harvard study that ranked Australia’s economy 93rd in complexity, behind Kazakhstan, Uganda and Senegal.  The mingling of mining interests with national interests is perpetuated through a revolving door: lawmakers frequently work for the coal industry after leaving office. And for some, defending coal has come to be equated with defending the country.Even the opposition center-left Labor Party is hooked, pushing for emissions cuts while continuing to support more coal mining……

Poll after poll shows growing concern about climate change among Australians of all ages and political persuasions.In September, a survey by the Australia Institute found that 81 percent of Australians believe climate change will result in more droughts and flooding (up from 78 percent in 2018). Two out of three Australians agreed that the government should plan for an orderly phaseout of coal, while 64 percent said Australia should aim for net-zero emissions by 2050.

And researchers continue to sound the alarm. A paper co-written by an Australian scientist and signed by 11,000 other experts warned on Wednesday of a clear “climate emergency.”……

The so-called climate strike
 in September, part of a global effort led by children, was the largest mass demonstration in Australian history.

It was quickly followed last month by the Extinction Rebellion protests, and then came last week’s anti-mining protests in Melbourne…..   Over 10 days of protests in London, the police arrested more than 1,700 Extinction Rebellion protesters.

Australia aims to go further. A law passed last year allows the military to break up protests. The Labor government in Queensland is fast-tracking a law to add new fines for protesters who use locking devices to prevent their removal……. Reduced coal mining would not hurt the economy as much as people think.

According to the Australia Institute poll from last month, Australians believe coal mining accounts for 12.5 percent of Australia’s economic output and employs 9.3 percent of its work force. “In reality,” the report says, “coal mining employs only 0.4 percent of workers in Australia and is 2.2 percent of Australia’s G.D.P.” Of the roughly 238,000 jobs that mining provides in Australia, only around 50,000 are tied to coal, according to government figures.

“The government relies on ignorance,” Professor Eckersley said. “It’s a very toxic politics.”

Portrayals of extreme activism are also exaggerated. The vast majority of protesters demanding climate action are not radical disrupters.  They are more like Jemima Grimmer, 13, who asked adults to “respect our futures” at the Sydney climate strike in September, or Vivian Malo, an Aboriginal woman attending last week’s protest in Melbourne, where she said the experience of being pepper-sprayed felt like chemotherapy “on the outside.”  Here in a country rapidly losing its laid-back image, the future of Australia’s climate battles could be seen in her bloodshot eyes as she stood near a line of stone-faced police officers, describing their use of force as “scary.”

“The insatiable drive for resource extraction,” she said. “It’s out of control.”

November 7, 2019 - Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, civil liberties, climate change - global warming, politics

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