Australian news, and some related international items

Waste dump for Kimba- nuclear bonanza or nuclear sacrifice zone?

Coalition’s Kimba nuclear dump exploits local area and puts nation at risk,11717 Noel Wauchope 23 July 2018,

How is a small rural town to cope with a proposition that may transform the community by providing an economic boon or be a long-term curse?

This is the dilemma facing the towns of Kimba and Hawker, both in the Eyre Peninsula, South Australia.

Individual landowners offered their land to the Turnbull Government for a radioactive waste storage site and the Government’s National RadioactiveWaste Management Facility (NRWMF) team swung into action.

There’s quite a hurry on, about this. Resources Minister Matt Canavan announced that, on 20 August, there will be a local ballot to gauge community support for a nuclear waste dump.

Following that, said Canavan:

“The decision will be made in the second half of this year … We do not want this overlapping with a Federal election.”

Much can be said about this plan, not least that it contravenes South Australian law. One might ask, too, why the inquiry stipulates South Australia when the waste to be stored would have to travel 1,700 km from the Lucas Heights nuclear reactor in Sydney? However, the most notable immediate ramifications concern its impact on Eyre Peninsula rural communities. 

As one local resident put it:

‘Stress levels are through the roof for a lot of people within our communities. People are getting sick, and some are just sick and tired of hearing about it, with many wanting the dump to just go away!’

And in the words of another resident:

‘Before a nuclear waste dump came into our lives, people enjoyed cultural activities together … Today it isn’t like that, a once close family ruined and torn apart all because of a proposed nuclear waste dump that could be put on Adnyamathanha traditional lands, which will destroy our culture and … cause cultural genocide.’

Community division is obvious when one reads the submissions that local and Eyre Peninsula residents have sent to a Senate Committee of Inquiry. The Inquiry called for submissions, stipulating fairly narrow Terms of Reference (TOR), about the ‘Selection process for a national radioactive waste management facility in South Australia’.

Among the 40 supporters of the plan, most are local residents, enthusiastic about hosting the waste dump.

Repeatedly, their submissions include phrases like ‘no negative impacts’ and ‘comfortable and satisfied with the prospect of hosting the proposed nuclear waste facility’ 

 Numbers below in brackets refer to the submission numbers listed on the Senate website.
 John Hennessy( No 7), is   “bubbling with enthusiasm” for nuclear waste dump in Hawker. “Hawker has “ a once in a lifetime opportunity”  

 Jessica Morgan, (no.37) ” I have stood [at ANSTO] next to and touched the canister containing the intermediate level waste with my 9 month old baby in a carrier on my chest, feeling totally confident of my own safety and that of my child.”   

Annie Clements, (No 35) – happy to see nuclear waste dump “powering Kimba community into the future”.  

And here we come to another aspect of their support for the waste dump plan. It’s not just that Kimba might be “powered into the future”. It’s the thought that Kimba might not have a future unless it hosts the dump.

Again and again this argument appears in the pro nuclear submissions:

   This repository would ensure our towns survival   – Ian Carpenter.( No  3 )     

Kimba is struggling, population is declining,… we are in need of a life line …. The possibilities this facility could provide a small failing community is endless
  – Jodie Joyce (No 33)

this project  will ensure the long term viability of this small country town – Janice  McInnis, ( No 4 )  

   it will  save Kimba ” for many more generations to come– Melanie Orman (No 77)

A third, much repeated, theme in these submissions is that this matter concerns only the local community.

This is frequently expressed with the dismissal of the opinions of people outside the immediate area and also, at times, with downright hostility to those who oppose the dump:

‘People outside our area could be influenced by anti-nuclear scare campaigns and wild allegations that have no relevance to this facility.’ ~ Annie Clements (35)

‘Activists and politicians who have been using [this] project as a vehicle for their anti-nuclear stance should not be entitled to any say …’ ~ Heather Baldock (64)

Outsiders do not care if Hawker dies a slow death due to lack of employment etc – Chelsea Haywood (No. 2)

‘We disagree that we need “broader community views” and the need to stretch the boundaries outside of our District Council. What is happening in our Community is exactly that: our community.’  As residents of Kimba for the last 43 years, plus ++ We see no reason that the rest of SA has a right to tell us what we can and can’t have. It is our back yard, not theirs.  ….. . It’s a shame we have to have this inquiry. ~ Margaret and Charlie Milton (34)

These three themes – enthusiasm for the project, distrust of critics,  and resistance to the involvement of outsiders, merge into a kind of strong local patriotism allied to trusting loyalty to the federal government, which has run a huge informational campaign in the towns.

 As to the 58 submissions opposing the plan, at least half come from residents of the Eyre Peninsula. As with the rest of the opponents, they do express a variety of arguments, but local submissions are most often concerned with the local area.

 Above all, they are dissatisfied with the community consultation process, and the lack of clarity about what is meant by “broad community support”. They want the wider community, Eyre Peninsula, South Australia, to be consulted, and, indeed they see the federal nuclear waste facility as a national issue.    They also do not believe that the project has Indigenous support.

 Readers of all 98 submissions can’t fail to notice that, on the whole, these 55 opposing ones have more comprehensive, detailed, and referenced writing, as compared with the pro nuclear ones. And this is certainly true of the very thoughtful and measured arguments of the farmers from the local areas concerned.

These raise some issues which are rarely mentioned on the pro-nuclear side:

  • concern about co-location of low and intermediate level wastes, especially the prospect of stranded “temporary” wastes, with no plan for final disposal;
  • transport dangers; 
  • seismic and flood dangers; 
  • impacts on agricultural markets and tourism; and
  • the fear that this waste dump would lead to a full-scale commercial importation of nuclear waste.

 Kay Fels,  a Flinders Ranges farmer.(No 63) ‘s submission is representative of the concerns of many others:   

our stock (sheep and cattle) may also be stigmatised by the proximity of the waste dump and our organic status compromised  Agriculture and tourist industries will  be jeopardised as the clean, green image of the Flinders Ranges is tarnished  .    The sites are located in an area where the underground water table is almost at surface level. This could lead to contamination of the underground water source, so vital to the region. The location is also on a piedmont plain and prone to flooding

Given that the proposal is to store low level waste in an above ground facility, and temporarily store intermediate waste in that same facility, it seems ludicrous that this is even considered given the geological and environmental features and risks involved.

The consultation phase was a tokenism with ANSTO telling us what will be happening, how safe it is and pushing the affirmative – not a true reflection of the community’s views and concerns. The consultative committee is a rubber stamp 

Many are strongly sceptical of the consultations held by the Department of Industry Innovation and Science (DIIS), and of the information campaign by Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) . There is strong criticism of the nomination of Wallerberdina property by non-resident former Liberal Senator Grant Chapman, with close links to the nuclear industry. They also claim hypocrisy of DIIS in biased and misleading information, and dismissal and indeed, exclusion of critics. 

  I am not against having a LLW facility in Australia. I am against the way in which DIIS have gone about finding a quick fix for something that will affect all South Australians for centuries to come.  It should not be up to a small council area to overrule our Prohibition Act 2000, if we are to vote for something of such national importance.”  My problem is a complete lack of trust with DIIS in the way in which they have treated ordinary people from Quorn, Hawker and Kimba – Leon Ashton (No 73)

there are far too many discrepancies in the information, consultation process and long term impacts to have such a facility based at Kimba (or Hawker).  the consultation process has been an insult to the intelligence of rural people.  –  Leanne Lienert (No. 50)

Sue Tulloch (no 32) makes a scathing criticism of the federal nuclear waste dump process and “shambolic “Barndioota Consultative Committee.  

Aboriginal voices are passionate, at the same time as providing factual information and references:

The Senate took a long time to publish this one – perhaps because they recognised it as the most important one? Regina McKenzie  (No 107) , a very well informed traditional indigenous owner of the selected are at Barndioota, focuses on the cultural heritage rights and interests of identified traditional owners and the State/Federal obligations  regarding those rights. The Department of Industry, Innovation and Science (DIIS) has ignored Australia’s commitment to United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. DIIS has poorly assessed Aboriginal cultural heritage, and engaged inappropriate consultants.  –

In this article, I have avoided the wider arguments expressed in the submissions, including the ones from organisations on both sides of the argument.  Through studying 98 submissions, I have tried to get to the feelings of the communities involved – to what it must be like, to be part of a community caught in this dilemma.

 Our biggest worry of this process is the detrimental effect it will have and is already having on the local community as a whole. Along with my family we have never seen an event in this area cause so much angst and division in a once very proud close knit community which was the envy of many other communities.  – Philip Fels (No 84)

The mental health and well-being of communities is completely ignored in this process and this is a serious issue that needs to be addressed in future frameworks and guidelines. This process makes communities feel powerless – no support is given to those with opposing views, it is a process that is heavily favoured towards those pro-nuclear and when the rules keep changing to suit those in favour it really gives people a sense of hopelessness. Chloe Hannan,  Kimba :  (No. 61)

As an outsider, I can’t really gauge this social situation. But, whatever the outcome of the federal government’s plan, Kimba and Hawker communities will never be quite the same again

July 25, 2018 Posted by | Federal nuclear waste dump, South Australia | Leave a comment

Kimba’s nuclear waste dump is planned to facilitate DOUBLING of nuclear wastes in Australia

The Department has provided some updated info on estimated Intermediate Level Waste (ILW) volumes – set to double – and on the claimed period of proposed operations of the above ground ILW Store.
First: The proposed period of ILW above ground storage operations is now said to be for 30 years (this is claimed to be “sufficient for the Aust Gov to establish  a permanent ILW disposal facility at a separate site”) with this ILW Store to have a design life of 50 years “to allow for contingency periods for ILW waste recovery and decommissioning“. 
Note the regulator ARPANSA has previously said this ILW Store could operate for 100 years. ANSTO has produced nuclear wastes for 60 years so far without any disposal capacity in sight and their claims to now realise a permanent geological disposal facility in any particular timeline from here should not be relied upon…
Second: Estimated ILW volumes keep going up and are proposed to double, with Legacy wastes said to be 1772 cubic metres, Future wastes estimated to be 1920 cubic metres, and the Total ILW for indefinite above ground storage at either Hawker or at Kimba is now estimated to be 3692 cubic metres.
The NRWMF is to facilitate a proposed doubling of Intermediate Level Wastes, primarily ANSTO reactor wastes – including the most serious ANSTO irradiated nuclear fuel wastes / reprocessed nuclear wastes which the SA Liberal State Gov prohibited by law back in 2000. The import, transport, storage and disposal of these nuclear wastes is illegal in our state.
See DIIS Latest reports July 2018 at
a 25 page: Preliminary Safety and Waste Acceptance Report of the National Radioative Waste Management Facility (PDF 467KB)
at Executive Summary first paragraph, the Introduction at p.1, and 4.1.5 “Radioactive Waste Inventory” at p.15-16 and Table 3 Waste Inventory legacy and future.
Note that the so called Low Level (LL) Wastes are also proposed to double, with Table 3 showing existing LL wastes at 4976 cubic metres, estimated Future LL wastes to be 4886 cubic metres, and Total LL wastes for disposal at 9862 cubic metres.
The proposed NRWMF is  intended to facilitate an intended doubling of radioactive and nuclear wastes in Australia…

July 25, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, Federal nuclear waste dump | Leave a comment

Olympic Games 2020 threatened by nuclear radiation AND climate change

Climate change is bringing unprecedented heat sweeping Japan right now, and is predicted to continue through August – Japan: Heat spikes to 41.1C near Tokyo as high temps to continue until August

Tokyo 2020 will host the XXXII Olympic Summer Games, Jul 24 – Aug 9.

How safe will the athletes be – competing in this new era of climate change heat?

How safe will anyone be, with the continuing danger of Fukushima’s wrecked nuclear reactors, and Japan’s accumulations of nuclear radioactive trash?

Ironically, Japan would appear to most thinking people to be a most unwise choice for the 2020 Olympics, because of the continuing dangerous situation at Fukushima.

But most people have missed the connection to the military-industrial-corporate-global-nuclear-complex.


July 25, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Japan’s fatal heatwave – a climate change warning for 2020 Olympics

The 2020 Olympics will open in 2 years, and the heat is on,  By JIM ARMSTRONG, 24 July 18   Since being awarded the games, which will be the largest ever with 33 sports and 339 events, Tokyo organizers have had to deal with a series of problems ranging from stadium and construction delays , natural disasters and a scandal involving the official logo.

Most of the obstacles have been cleared up, but a deadly heatwave gripping Japan has focused organizerson ways to keep fans and athletes cool when the Olympics begin on July 24, 2020.

Potential for scorching summer conditions has always concerned organizers, with temperatures in central Tokyo often exceeding 35 Celsius (95 Fahrenheit) in July and August, made more difficult because of high humidity.

This summer heatwave has resulted in more than 65 deaths and sent tens of thousands to hospitals. The temperature on Monday reached 41.1 Celsius (106 Fahrenheit), the highest ever recorded in Japan.

Experts have warned the risk of heatstroke in Tokyo has escalated in recent years, while noting the Olympics are expected to take place in conditions when sports activities should normally be halted.

“We are mindful that we do have to prepare for extreme heat,” John Coates, head of the IOC’s coordination commission for the Tokyo Games, told a recent news conference.

The 1964 Games in Tokyo were held in October to avoid the harshest of the heat. That was before the Olympics schedule was influenced by rights-paying broadcasters and sponsors.

Local organizers are doing what they can to help athletes combat the conditions. The marathon and some other outside events will be held early in the morning to avoid extreme heat.

The federal and the Tokyo metropolitan governments are also planning to lay pavements that emit less surface heat and plant taller roadside trees for shade.

“The spectators as well as the athletes have to be taken care of,” Coates said. “The timing of the marathon and road walks will be as early as possible as they have been in previous games to beat the heat.”

Organizers want the games to help showcase Japan’s recovery from the 2011 earthquake and tsunami that took more than 18,000 lives and triggered meltdowns at the Fukushima nuclear power plant.

While reconstruction from the disaster is making steady progress, and work on the new 68,000-seat main stadium in Tokyo is 40 percent complete, more than 70,000 people remain displaced from their communities.

The construction of the main stadium was more than a year behind schedule when it started in December 2016, as earlier plans were scrapped because of spiraling costs and a contentious design.

The Japanese government approved the new 150 billion yen ($1.5 billion) stadium, which is expected to be completed in November of 2019. The previous construction timeline would have allowed the main stadium to host the 2019 Rugby World Cup final on Nov. 2 as a test event, but that idea was scrapped.

Meanwhile, organizers say the other newly-constructed venues are 20 to 40 percent complete.

The torch relay will start March 26, 2020, in Fukushima, an area hit hard by the disaster.

Coates said local organizers are on track with 24 months to go.

“Tokyo 2020 comes a significant step closer to delivering an Olympic Games that will bring Japan and the world together,” he said. “The organizing committee has presented considerable progress … especially as it related to venue and operational readiness.”

July 25, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Scotland could help Australia deal with its nuclear waste

As Gary Cushway points out, under current arrangements, the waste produced in the reprocessing of spent Australian nuclear fuel which was sent to Dounreay in the 1990s will stay at Dounreay; the vitrified waste produced at Sellafield is only being sent to Australia to fulfil a contractual agreement. If the transfer from Sellafield was halted, and the waste currently stored at different locations in Australia was kept where it is, the case for a national radioactive waste management facility in Australia would be drastically eroded.

Cushway believes that the Scottish Government could cancel the 2012 joint waste substitution policy and come to an arrangement with the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) regarding management of the reprocessed Australian waste at Dounreay.

At the very least, more pressure should be put on the UK Government to stop the transfer of waste until its final destination is known.

Can Scotland help stop nuclear waste being dumped on Aboriginal land? At the very least, more pressure should be put on the UK Government to stop the transfer of waste until its final destination is known. Scots are yet to fully reckonwith the role that we played in the brutal colonisation of Aboriginal Australia, but the Scottish Government now has an opportunity to offer meaningful solidarity to Aboriginal communities who are still fighting to protect their land and culture.

  Linda Pearson     Linda Pearson, anti-nukes activist and Common Weal policy officer, explains how nuclear waste due to be transferred from the UK to Australia could be dumped on Aboriginal land, and what role the Scottish Government could play in preventing another act of racist disregard of Australia’s indigenous population in what is a long and brutal history of discrimination

APPROXIMATELY 10,000 miles from Scotland in South Australia, Aboriginal traditional owners are fighting against plans to build a nuclear waste dump on their land. It is the latest phase in a struggle to protect land and culture which has lasted over 20 years. Continue reading

July 25, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, Federal nuclear waste dump, politics international, reference | Leave a comment

Climate change: Greece’s apocalyptic wildfires

Death toll rises from ‘apocalyptic’ Greek fires as blaze ravages resorts, The Sun, News Corp Australia Network, July 25, 2018  AT least 74 people have been killed, 1000 homes have been destroyed and more than 150 victims are injured after two devastating fires ravaged holiday resorts in Greece.

July 25, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

The Australian govt’s $31m nuclear bribe

Feds’ $31m nuclear sweetener, Whyalla News Louis Mayfield , 23 July 18  The federal government have injected more money into their Community Development Package, which will be available to the community selected as the future site for the nuclear waste management facility.

July 25, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, Federal nuclear waste dump | Leave a comment

South Australians do not want nuclear waste dump

South Australia rejects Liberal Government’s nuke waste dump

Australian Greens nuclear spokesperson Senator Sarah Hanson-Young has slammed the Liberal Government’s bribe to the Hawker and Kimba communities as they tries to find a home for their nuclear waste dump. Polling commissioned by the Greens shows that the majority of South Australians want to stop the nuclear waste dump from being built in their state.

“Resources Minister Matt Canavan should be ashamed of himself for trying to bribe the community in return for dumping radioactive waste on them. Putting money on the table, just weeks before the Kimba and Hawker communities vote on whether they want a nuclear waste dump in their front yard smacks of desperation and bribery,” Senator Hanson-Young said.

“Polling shows the majority of South Australians want our state to put a stop to this project. Nuclear waste is not welcome in Kimba or the Flinders Ranges, and the rest of the state is behind these two communities in their fight against this proposal.

“The tourism industry in the Flinders Ranges and South Australia’s export gain market is all at risk if this dump goes ahead, along with the destruction of sacred aboriginal land and special women’s sites.

“A lack of community consultation and transparency cannot be forgotten just because the Minister pulls out his chequebook.

“While the community is being offered at one off $31m bribe, the Government is keeping secret how much money the individual owners of the chosen site, including former Liberal Senator Grant Chapman will personally pocket. This is poor form, the neighbours deserve to know how much profit Mr Chapman and others will get from selling out the rest of the community.

“Why won’t the Government reveal how much their Liberal mate will pocket from taxpayers ahead of the community ballot next month?

On Saturday it was revealed the Lucas Heights nuclear waste facility was rife with safety hazards, and today, Matt Canavan is tripling the offer to pay a community off so he can dump nuclear waste out of sight, out of mind. This is despicable, contemptuous behaviour from a Minister desperate to find tick something off his to-do list.”

Senator Hanson-Young visited the Flinders Ranges and the community of Hawker on Friday. She spent time talking with local business owners and tourism operations and was taken on a site visit by the local aboriginal leaders.

“The Flinders Ranges community has been put through extreme stress through this long, divisive process. The Flinders Ranges is one of the jewels in South Australia’s tourism crown – that would be lost if it is turned into a nuclear waste dump,” Senator Hanson-Young said.

“The Flinders Ranges is a pristine, untouched wilderness. We should be investing in tourism which would benefit our whole state, not dumping radioactive waste in the middle of it.

“It is horrifying that the Federal Government is planning to build a nuclear waste dump on a sacred women’s site. The brave Adnyamathanha women fighting to protect this site are standing up for preserving thousands of years of cultural significance, and they must be listened to.

“The Greens stand with those fighting this nuclear waste dump plan and commend their bravery for standing up to the Government to stop it.”

July 25, 2018 Posted by | Federal nuclear waste dump, politics, South Australia | Leave a comment

Sham of ‘Broad Community Support’ for Kimba or Hawker for nuclear waste dump


The ‘Broad Community Support’ Sham Continues

Centre Alliance Senator Rex Patrick has described Minister Canavan’s announcement to triple the incentive package for the communities of Kimba or Hawker, if they vote in support of a National Radioactive Waste Management Facility in their local community, as completely inappropriate and misguided.

“The Minister just doesn’t get it,” said Rex. “As evidenced in recent visits to Kimba and Hawker by the Senate Economics Reference Committee, the communities are deeply divided over the issue. Throwing taxpayer money at them will just rub salt into already weeping wounds.”

“The process is becoming even more of a sham. Firstly, the Minister has stated that the site selection will only occur if there is ‘broad community support’, but refuses to state what ‘broad community support’ actually means. That’s like running a race and telling the participant that they don’t need to know where the finish line is and that officials will just tell everyone who has won the race.

“Next, the Minister stated to the media that ‘The Federal Government wants the entire process done and dusted by the end of the year,’ confirming that the federal election is setting the time frame and that Minister Canavan has already made up his mind.

“And now we see this,” said Rex. “Money being thrown at the problem with an ill-informed view that dollars can heal the division in the community.”

Centre Alliance understands the need for Australia to deal with its own low and intermediate nuclear waste. But forcing a Radioactive Waste Management Facility on an unwilling and divided community is not the solution.

“The Minister needs to bring the community along with him,” said Rex.

As a minimum threshold of support, the Minister must have:

·         65% vote in favour of the facility, and;

·         Indigenous approval, and;

·         Agreement from all of the immediate neighbours to the planned facilities

“The Minister should declare this minimum threshold before the vote. He should declare it right now.

“The Minister also needs to publish all technical reports and cost benefit analyses before the vote.”

July 25, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, Federal nuclear waste dump | Leave a comment

Rolls Royce likely to shut down Small Modular Nuclear Reactor project

Nucnet 23rd July 2018 , Rolls-Royce is preparing to shut down its project to develop small modularnuclear reactors if the government does not make a long-term commitment to the technology, including financial support, in the coming months, the Financial Times reported. According to the UK-based newspaper, the UK aero-engine maker has scaled back investment significantly, from several millions to simply paying for “a handful of salaries”. Warren East, Rolls-Royce chief executive, told the Financial Times:

However, David Orr, executive vice-president of Rolls-Royce’s SMR programme, said that without comfort from the government on two fronts the project “will not fly. We are coming to crunch time.”

Rolls-Royce is one of several consortia to have bid in a government-sponsored competition launched in 2015 to find the most viable technology for a new generation of SMRs.

July 25, 2018 Posted by | General News | 1 Comment

USA City Council opposes “temporary” nuclear waste dump, and transport of wastes

Las Cruces City Council approves resolution opposing nuclear storage facility  Blake Gumprecht, Las Cruces Sun-News  July 24, 2018 

July 25, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Climate change brings wildfires to the Arctic circle

Wildfires have ignited inside the Arctic Circle  In Sweden and Latvia, and further south in Greece, wildfires are spreading amid a brutal heat wave. By 

July 25, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

USA government closed down the research into effects of ionising radiation inpregnancy

Does living near a nuclear plant give children cancer? beyondnuclearinternational

US cancer study that would have told us was killed by NRC, By Cindy Folkers

More than 60 studies have shown increases of childhood leukemia around nuclear facilities worldwide. Despite this finding, there has never been independent analysis in the US examining connections between childhood cancer and nuclear facilities. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) had tasked the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to conduct such a study, but then withdrew funding, claiming publicly that it would be too expensive.  Continue reading

July 25, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Sarah Hanson-Young – a politician who cares

Flinders Local Action GroupJuly 20

The Adnyamathanha and Flinders Local Action Group would like to thank Senator Hanson-Young for coming to The Flinders Ranges and meeting with us. You listened to everyone with kind empathy and understanding and it was a pleasure to be with you. Thank you Sarah.

July 25, 2018 Posted by | aboriginal issues, AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, politics | Leave a comment

WSU students win major US solar car race – a first for Australia — RenewEconomy

Western Sydney University’s Unlimited 2.0 has put Australia on the solar car racing map, becoming first international team to win American Solar Challenge.

via WSU students win major US solar car race – a first for Australia — RenewEconomy

July 25, 2018 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment