Antinuclear

Australian news, and some related international items

Australian govt names Whyalla, Port Pirie, South Australian Ports to impose nuclear waste shipments

Federal gov. names SA Ports to impose nuclear waste shipments Nuclear Brief (1st August 2018) by David Noonan, Independent Environment Campaigner

Amidst rising controversy, the Federal Industry Department (DIIS) has named proposed Ports in SA that may have to take shipments of irradiated nuclear fuel wastes to go on to a Federal dump site.

DIIS reports (p.179) two intended shipments of reprocessed nuclear fuel wastes into SA within the first 2 years of operations of a proposed National Radioactive Waste Management Facility (NRWMF).

A shipment of nuclear waste is due from Sellafield in UK and a shipment out of Port Kembla is planned from the ANSTO Lucas Heights reactor of nuclear waste received from France in 2015.

After years of secrecy over intended nuclear waste shipments to an SA Port, DIIS has now named Whyalla, Port Pirie, a new Eyre Peninsula commodities port (if built) and even Port Lincoln, as potential nuclear waste ports, in three “Site Characterisation, Technical Reports” released in July.

However, all of these ill-considered plans for nuclear waste ports face an array of serious obstacles

These targeted port communities are denied a say in Minister Canavan’s pending decision on siting a Federal dump in SA, they haven’t been consulted on use of their ports, and are excluded from ‘votes’ in the Hawker & Kimba districts over Aug-Sept on whether or not to locate a NRWMF in those areas.

The Federal gov. is in continued breach of advice of the Nuclear Safety Committee (NSC) to the nuclear regulator ARPANSA (Nov 2016) on the NRWMF, on transparency in decisions, and for:

“The ongoing requirement to clearly and effectively engage all stakeholders, including those along transport routes.” With the NSC stating that: “Such engagement is essential…”

Proposed indefinite above ground storage of nuclear fuel wastes compromises safety, is illegal in SA, and must not be allowed now. ARPANSA states these wastes require isolation for 10 000 years.

This was recognised by the previous SA State Liberal gov. that prohibited the import, transport, storage and disposal of nuclear fuel wastes under the Nuclear Waste Storage (Prohibition) Act 2000.

“The Objects of this Act are to protect the health, safety and welfare of the people of South Australia and to protect the environment in which they live by prohibiting the establishment of certain nuclear waste storage facilities in this State.”

The new SA State Liberal gov. under the leadership of Premier Marshall has a key responsibility to protect the public interest and to uphold the law in our State. These are fundamentally State issues.

The Howard Federal gov. targeted SA for nuclear dumping over 1998 – 2004 but had to abandon that “National Store Project” & associated shipping and transport of nuclear waste across SA.

This Federal dump plan poses reputational risks and material impacts to the Kimba & Eyre Peninsula agricultural region, to the iconic Flinders Ranges tourism region, and now to targeted Ports in SA.

Nuclear waste can pose serious Accident & Security Risks and Impacts:

“In the event of a major nuclear accident, adverse impacts on the tourism, agriculture and property sectors could potentially be profound.”

SA Nuclear Royal Commission: Tentative Findings, Risks and Challenges, Impacts on other Sectors (Feb 2016, p.28)

Key questions on safety & security in nuclear fuel waste transport and storage remain unanswered (see D Noonan submission to Senate Inquiry, p.10). Nuclear fuel wastes must not be allowed into SA

The UK Nuclear Free Local Authorities “Briefing: Nuclear security concerns – how secure is the UK civil nuclear sector?” (NFLA, May 2016) highlights key security threats including the risks from potential malicious attack on a nuclear waste transport or on a nuclear waste storage site.

NFLA (p.8) cites the views of nuclear engineer Dr John Large on safety as at the heart of its concerns:

“Movement of nuclear materials is inherently risky both in terms of severe accident and terrorist attack. Not all accident scenarios and accident severities can be foreseen; it is only possible to maintain a limited security cordon around the flask and its consignment; … terrorists are able to seek out and exploit vulnerabilities in the transport arrangements and localities on the route; and emergency planning is difficult to maintain over the entire route.”

NFLA Recommendations (p.15) call for real discussion on the aftermath of a nuclear security incident given the major emergency response issues that arise. SA is unprepared for any such consequences.

Any use of SA Ports for nuclear waste poses significant logistical & other constraints:

The DIIS “Site Characterisation, Technical Report – Wallerberdina” for a proposed Federal nuclear dump site near Hawker, Section 4.1 Transport (p.174-186), at “Proximity to Ports” (p.177) states:

“There is potential to have waste shipped from Port Kembla, NSW to key port locations such as Whyalla and Port Pirie. From here waste would either be shipped via road or rail to the site.”

Hundreds of Police were required for security at July nuclear waste shipment out of Port Kembla.

Use of Port Pirie to road would lock down the National Highway to Port Augusta with 130 tonne Nuclear Canisters on over dimension & over-mass special vehicles. To rail would require waste transfer onto national gauge alongside Port Pirie and a second transfer on to State gauge in Port Augusta, with rehabilitation of the disused Cotabena Railway (p.177 & 186), to go on to the Flinders.

Use of the Port of Whyalla to road would require upgrade of Yorkeys Crossing to bypass the Port Augusta Bridge and to try “to avoid occurrences of complete shutdown” (p.181) in Port Augusta.

The Iron Triangle cities of Whyalla, Port Augusta and Port Pirie are now openly targeted for nuclear fuel waste transport and should have a right to refuse these untenable Federal gov. nuclear plans.

Influential Port Lincoln may be able to defend itself: other Port communities shouldn’t have to do so.

The Marshall gov must protect all SA regional communities and reject a Federal nuclear dump in SA

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August 3, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, Federal nuclear waste dump, safety | Leave a comment

Senator Matt Canavan wants a nuclear waste site chosen by November.

Proposed nuclear waste facility has South Australian towns divided as locals prepare for ballot, ABC West Coast SA  By Samantha Jonscher and Gary-Jon Lysaght, 3 Aug 18, 

August 3, 2018 Posted by | Federal nuclear waste dump, South Australia | Leave a comment

USA opposition to “temporary” nuclear waste storage, likely to become permanent

Proposed waste storage site meets opposition, AlibiBy Joshua Lee 2 Aug 18

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Paul Richards refutes nuclear lobbyist Robert Parker

Paul Richards   Nuclear Fuel Cycle Watch South Australia    comments on nuclear lobbyist Robert Parker , quoting Parker’s statement ‘...we do want the legislation changed so that nuclear energy can be assessed fairly on its economic, environmental and technical merits.’ 

The logic is flawed.

The experiment to prove it works has already been running continuously with both fission and fusion reactors since the 1950s.

Yet, there still is no metrics proving nuclear energy is competitive.

Furthermore;

* we live on the driest continent on earth, with
* least amount of potable water,
* have an abundance of sun and
* wind, as natural resources.

Then there is the fact the last nuclear reactor built in the US took;

* more than 43 years to be built,
* over 21 years to construct,
* over 5 years to commission,
* and was built on one of the largest freshwater rivers in the US.

Building reactors as a response to AGW, with subsequent climate change, requires;

* a much faster response than the history of reactor builds proves is realistically feasible.

The reality is, both solar PV and wind turbines are rapidly developed, relatively easily deployed, and systemically recycled safely.

Furthermore, there is over a decade of independent auditors metrics proving solar PV and wind turbines make cheaper electricity.

Cheaper electricity, integrated with a plethora of energy storage systems, able to distribute electricity seamlessly across geopolitical borders using current electrical design engineering systems.
____________
^ As of December 1, 2017, the average age of U.S. commercial reactors was about 37 years, and they still prove to be unviable economically. https://www.facebook.com/groups/1021186047913052/

August 3, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, spinbuster | Leave a comment

Human-caused climate change made heat wave five times more likely

Climate change made 2018 European heatwave up to ‘five times’ more likely    https://www.carbonbrief.org/climate-change-made-2018-european-heatwave-up-to-five-times-more-likely  Carbon Brief,  ROBERT MCSWEENEY 27 July 18  rapid assessment by scientists of the ongoing heatwave across northern Europe this summer has found that human-caused climate change made it as much as five times more likely to have occurred.

The preliminary analysis, by a team of scientists at the World Weather Attribution network, uses data from seven weather stations in Ireland, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland. The team were not able to get sufficient data at short notice to include a UK station.

The findings suggest that rising global temperatures have increased the likelihood of such hot temperatures by five times in Denmark, three times in the Netherlands and two times in Ireland.

The sizeable year-to-year fluctuations in summer weather in Scandinavia makes it harder to pin down a specific change in likelihood for the heatwaves in Norway, Sweden and Finland, the researchers say. However, “we can state that, yes, heatwaves have increased – and are increasing – in Scandinavia as in the rest of Europe”, says one of the scientists involved.

Climate change link

From the UK to Canada through to Oman and Japan, the northern hemisphere has seen a pattern of prolonged heatwaves in recent weeks. The record-breaking temperatures have been linked to wildfires in Sweden, Greece and California and heatwave deaths in several countries.

Many news reports have speculated on the potential role that rising global temperatures could be having on the spate of extremes this summer. Carbon Brief has published a summary of all the media coverage from recent weeks.

Now, in a rapid analysis over the past few days, scientists have been able to quantify the impact that climate change is having.

The study uses data from individual weather stations, explained Dr Friederike Otto, the deputy director of the Environmental Change Institute at the University of Oxford, in a press conference this morning:

“What we have done in this study is look at locations – individual weather stations, so at the place where people live – to represent the heatwave that people are actually experiencing.”

These stations were selected because they had “data immediately available to us”, added Otto, and also because they had long records that could be analysed. Because the team needed data as close to real-time as possible – while they were carrying out their analysis – they used forecasts of temperature for the most recent few days.

The locations of each station were: Dublin, Ireland; De Bilt, Netherlands; Copenhagen, Denmark; Oslo, Norway; Linköping, Sweden; Sodankyla, northern Finland; and Jokioinen, southern Finland.

The researchers defined the heatwave at each location by taking the hottest three-day period in the year so far. Although this is a short period compared to the extended heatwave for much of Europe this summer, using longer period would have left fewer hot events to analyse, the researchers say.

……… Single-event attribution

The new research is the latest in what are known as “single-event attribution” studies. The fast-moving area of research aims to identify the influence that human-caused climate change does – or does not – have on extreme weather events around the world. Carbon Brief has previously mapped all the peer-reviewed attribution studies in the scientific literature.

The research was conducted by World Weather Attribution – a network of scientists in six institutions established to provide near-real time analysis of possible links between climate change and extreme weather events.

It should be noted that the findings are still only preliminary, the researchers say:

“It is important to note that, compared to other attribution analyses of European summers, attributing a heatwave early in the season with the whole of August still to come will only give a preliminary result of the 2018 northern hemisphere heatwave season.”

The findings also have not yet been peer-reviewed. The researchers will be submitting the results to a journal once the summer is over. However, the methods underlying the findings are well established and have been published in previous attribution studies.  https://www.carbonbrief.org/climate-change-made-2018-european-heatwave-up-to-five-times-more-likely

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Mini-storytellers’: Japanese children pass on horror of Nagasaki bombings

As more and more survivors who directly witnessed the nuclear attack die, students are taking on responsibility for telling their stories, Guardian    Daniel Hurst in Nagasaki, 2 August 18 

The 500 students at Shiroyama Elementary School gather in the assembly hall on the ninth day of every month to sing a song. This is no ordinary school anthem, however.

Dear Children’s Souls deals with the most traumatic chapter in the school’s long history: the moment 1,400 students and 28 staff members died when the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the southern Japanese city of Nagasaki in the closing stages of the second world war.

Nearly 73 years have passed since the bombing of Nagasaki on 9 August 1945 – and Hiroshima three days earlier – but the school feels a special responsibility to keep the memories alive.

“Shiroyama Elementary School is situated closest to the ground zero of the A-bombing compared to other municipal elementary schools in Nagasaki,” explains the softly spoken principal, Hiroaki Takemura, adding that the hypo-centre was just 500m away.

“The feelings for peace are very strong here.”The task is becoming increasingly vital as more and more of the survivors who directly witnessed the events pass away. The ranks of these survivors, known as hibakusha, have halved over the past two decades and their average age is now 82. As they become less mobile, they find it more difficult to travel and give first-hand accounts of the horrors of nuclear war in the hope of preventing any repeat amid growing global tensions. Continue reading

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Minister Matt Canavan is a real dill: doesn’t know what he’s talking about re nuclear wastes

Steve Dale   Fight To Stop Nuclear Waste Dump In Flinders Ranges , 2 August 18, SA  Canavan was also on ABC radio 891 Make sure you continue to listen to Victor Gostin. I have to re-listen but Canavan claims that the Vitrified Waste returning from France is “Low level”!

Here is Canavan talking about the Vitrified waste that returns from France

“when it comes back here the radioactivity of that material is not materially higher than the low level waste it does have a longer half life though, it will take thousands of years for that radioactivity to disappear… ” http://www.abc.net.au/…/prog…/mornings/mornings/1003697

Brett Burnard Stokes calling out just one of the lies involved in this massive bribery and deception operation led by Con Job Canavan.

In Queensland where Canavan comes from, they make nuclear medicines without making waste … and Con Job Canavan pretends that does not happen … Con Job Canavan says the waste is an essential byproduct from production of nuclear medicines.

August 3, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, Federal nuclear waste dump, politics | Leave a comment

Petition to South Australian Premier to block nuclear waste dump

State government urged to block nuclear facility  https://www.transcontinental.com.au/story/5562602/petition-pushes-for-nuclear-block/, Marco Balsamo 2 August 18 A petition calling on the state government to block the National Radioactive Waste Management Facility has attracted over 10,000 signatures.

August 3, 2018 Posted by | Federal nuclear waste dump, politics, South Australia | Leave a comment

Heat wave hits the Nordic nuclear industry

HOW SUMMER HEAT HAS HIT NORDIC NUCLEAR PLANTS http://ewn.co.za/2018/08/02/how-summer-heat-has-hit-nordic-nuclear-plants   Reuters  

OSLO – This year’s unusually warm summer in the Nordic region has increased sea water temperatures and forced some nuclear reactors to curb power output or shut down altogether, with more expected to follow suit.

The summer has been 6-10 degrees Celsius above the seasonal average so far and has depleted the region’s hydropower reservoirs, driving power prices to record highs, boosting energy imports from continental Europe and driving up consumer energy bills.

Nuclear plants in Sweden and Finland are the region’s second largest power source after hydropower dams and have a combined capacity of 11.4 gigawatts (GW).

Reactors need cold sea water for cooling but when the temperature gets too high it can make the water too warm for safe operations, although the threshold varies depending on the reactor type and age.

Unscheduled power output cuts in Swedish and Finnish reactors could push prices even higher, said Vegard Willumsen, section manager at Norway’s energy regulator NVE.

“If nuclear reactors in the Nordics shut down or reduce power due to the heatwave, it could also put pressure on the supply and consequently on the Nordic power prices,” he added.

WHY IS WATER TEMPERATURE AN ISSUE?

The Nordic region’s nuclear plants comprise either pressurised water reactors (PWR) or boiling water reactors (BWR) – and both can be affected by warm sea water.

Typically, power would be reduced at the 12 reactors after a certain temperature threshold has been reached and then fully shut down at a higher threshold.

BWRs can keep operating for longer and would only shut down after a several-degree rise in water temperatures from the moment power reductions are triggered.

However, PWRs require a shorter time to shut down after they start reducing power.

Utility Vattenfall, which operates seven reactors in Sweden, shut a 900-megawatt (MW) PWR unit – one of the four located at its Ringhals plant – this week as water temperatures exceeded 25 degrees Celsius.

The firm’s second plant at Forsmark consists of three BWRs and Vattenfall had to reduce output by 30-40 megawatt per reactor earlier in July as the sea water in the area exceeded 23 degrees Celsius.

Finland’s Fortum reduced power at its Loviisa plant last week when water temperatures reached 32 degrees C, close to a threshold of 34 degrees.

The extent to which water temperature affects nuclear plants also depends on the depth that they receive water from. Colder water is deeper.

It also depends on how warm the water is after being used in the reactors and released back into the sea. If used water exceeds 34 degrees Celsius, it can cause major output reductions or shutdowns for certain plants due to safety regulations.

Sweden’s biggest reactor – 1.4 GW Oskarshamn 3 – should be less vulnerable to very hot summers due to the depth of water, said a spokesperson for operator OKG, a unit of Uniper Energy.

“Water intake (is) at a depth of 18 metres where the water naturally is cooler than on the surface … should it be too hot, we would, of course, reduce the capacity accordingly,” he said.

Oskarshamn 3 will reduce power if sea water reaches 25 degrees but it was below 20 degrees on Tuesday.

Similarly, Teollisuuden Voima’s Olkiluoto plant in Finland has deeper water which is colder than a 27-degree threshold.

TVO has also built an additional safety mechanism – a canal – which it can use under certain conditions to release used warm water on the other side of the Olkiluoto island.

 

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

The punishing effect on Australia’s environment by rapid population boom

Environment the biggest loser as Australia’s population hits 25 million https://independentaustralia.net/politics/politics-display/environment-the-biggest-loser-as-australias-population-hits-25-million,11748   Michael Bayliss 

Australia’s population growth has several disadvantages, one of the main ones being environmentalimpact, writes Michael Bayliss.

AUSTRALIA IS ON THE CUSP of a major demographic milestone. Our population will reach 25 million by mid-August this year.

We were never expected to reach this “milestone” so soon. In 1999, then Minister for Immigration Philip Ruddock said that there was no need for a population policy as the nation was on course to reach 23 million “by the middle of next century”.  Not only have we surpassed 23 million, but we are now heading to reach 40 million by 2050.

The consequences of rapid population growth are many. Housing security, job security, traffic congestion and infrastructure are all concerns increasingly felt by many Australians feeling the pressures of growth. It has been reported that population has become a primary political issue among voters this year.

Another casualty of population growth is Australia’s natural environment. If we agree it is impossible to have a healthy economy on a dead planet, then we should be paying more attention to the impacts of growth in our national backyard.

Australia’s population ballooned quicker than any other developed country on the planet from 1990 to 2017, during which time we have grown by 50%. At the same time, Australia is leading the developed world in terms of rapid land clearance. This is no coincidence.

Australia’s leading ecologists agree growth is a major driver of species loss and degradation of habitats in our country. Successive State of the Environment Reports (at both national and state level) have recorded ongoing deterioration of all environmental indicators; increasing population density, urbanisation and settlement patterns have all been cited as leading causes of this deterioration.

The koala and emu, both Australian icons, are fast becoming the poster animals of the victims of urban sprawl and the clearance of native habitat. It is no coincidence that their habitats overlap with the areas of most rapid urban expansion, for example the peri-urban areas around Sydney and Brisbane. It is anticipated that the continual urban expansion in NSW and Queensland will result in a crash of wild koala populations within several decades. We won’t solve this problem by putting solar panels on the new housing estates or hybrid cars on our roads. Endless urban growth corridors will wreck native habitats, regardless of how “green” these new developments are — and most new suburbs are anything but green.

If the impact on other species is not a strong enough motivator for change, perhaps we should consider the impacts of growth for future generations. Take Melbourne, Australia’s fastest growing capital city, for example. Continued urban sprawl will reduce the city’s food bowl capacitysignificantly — from 40% now to around 18% by 2050.

Last year, our emissions grew by 1.5%, whilst the population grew by almost the same amount. The figures speak for themselves. If we grow by the size of a new Canberra every year, our emissions will go up regardless of how innovative we are or how many plastic bags we no longer use.

This highlights the many difficulties for rapidly growing nations such as Australia to meet their responsibilities under the Paris Agreement. For example, to meet the agreement, Australia will need to reduce national emissions by 30% over the next three decades. Adding an extra 50% to our population over the period will make this monumental task even more difficult to achieve and likely to mask any gains achieved in fuel and energy efficiency over the same period.

The “creeping normalcy” of both densification (more apartment blocks) and urban sprawl are easy to overlook against our busy pace of life. At 1.5% per annum, population increase can appear gradual against the rapid rate of change in our world. But the changes over a decade leave a tangible and permanent legacy on our landscape. The remaining strands of forest and open space on the urban fringe will be swallowed by housing estates while productive farmland is converted into roads and concrete. The hasty planning and development that accompanies rapid population growth locks future generations into high carbon living.

t is often asked as to what is Australia’s optimum population size. Whilst this can be difficult to quantify, most of us can agree that Australia cannot grow at 1.5% per annum indefinitely — the laws of physics do not allow for exponential growth on a finite space.

The idea that Australia is a continent of empty plains and that we can solve the problem by moving inland does hold up to scrutiny. Australia is the world’s second driest continent and our only major river system, the Murray-Darling basin, has a fraction of the water flow compared with other major river systems, such as the Mississippi. We are also one of the least fertile continents on earth, with only 6% of our land area arable, mostly around our capital cities and on the coast. It is these very areas that are being encroached on by urban development. It is not viable to densify much of Australia and to suggest so makes almost as much sense as developing Antarctica.

It is critical that as a nation we can move beyond the assumption that we need to keep growing for growth’s sake. It is necessary that we reduce and level off our carbon emissions, the rate in which we destroy our ecosystem and native habitats and the rate in which we concrete over our food bowls. This requires a transition to a post-growth economy, where our per capita consumption andour population remain stable. Only then can any improvements to technology and efficiency have any lasting impact.

August 3, 2018 Posted by | AUSTRALIA - NATIONAL, environment | Leave a comment

FILM: UNDERMINED: TALES FROM THE KIMBERLEY

Nicholas Wrathall | Australia (2018)
L English Nyikina Kriol

Award-winning director Nicholas Wrathall investigates the true costs of development in the world-famous Kimberley,
where mega-mining and pastoral developments threaten not just the pristine environment
but more than 200 Indigenous communities and their peoples’ sacred links to Country.

Kimberley Traditional Owners – including activist, musician and Bardi man Albert Wiggan
and academic and Yimardoowarra woman Dr Anne Poelina
– question what meaningful negotiation looks like and offer humanising portraits of those at the
centre of this battle in Australia’s spectacular north-west corner,
which governments aspire to make “the future economic powerhouse of Australia”.

‘With the highest percentage of Aboriginal people living on Country in Australia,
what will this mean for the Kimberley’s custodianslands and cultures,
and will they survive these pressures?

‘Supported by the MIFF Premiere FundWrathall (Gore Vidal: The United States of Amnesia, MIFF 2013)
delivers a powerful and urgent film that, while distinctly Australian, tells a sadly universal story of the
David-and-Goliath battles Indigenous peoples face against development on their homelands.

Undermined: Tales from The Kimberley asks for whose benefit is development of this scale and,
ultimately, what is the path to social justice for first peoples in 2018?

‘The World Premiere screening on 8 August will include a Welcome to Country,
a Q&A with the film’s director, producer and subjects,
including activist/musician Albert Wiggan, who will also give a musical performance.’

‘The session on Saturday 11 August will screen with open captions
to assist patrons who are Deaf or hard of hearing.

‘This film will also screen as part of the MIFF Travelling Showcasemiff.com.au/travelling

miff.com.au/program/film/undermined-tales-from-the-kimberley

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Low-dose radiation exposure linked to leukemia in large retrospective study

https://dceg.cancer.gov/news-events/research-news-highlights/2018/low-dose-rad-leukemia  National Cancer Institute. Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics July 20, 2018  Using data from nine historical cohort studies, investigators in the Radiation Epidemiology Branch and colleagues from other institutions, led by senior investigator

Mark Little, D.Phil., were able to quantify—for the first time—excess risk for leukemia and other myeloid malignancies following low-dose exposure to ionizing radiation in childhood. More than two-fold increased risk and higher was observed for cumulative exposures less than 100 milliSieverts (mSv); excess risk was also apparent for cumulative doses of less than 50 mSv for some endpoints. The findings were published online July 16, 2018 in Lancet Haematology.

Because these diseases are rare, the excess absolute risk in the population is estimated to be small. Nevertheless, given the ubiquity of exposure, primarily from medical procedures like computed tomography

CT) scans, every effort should be made to minimize doses, especially for children.

Although substantial evidence links exposure to moderate or high doses of ionizing radiation, particularly in childhood, to increased risk of leukemia, prior to this study the association of leukemia with exposure to low-dose radiation was not well-established. Evaluating risks at low-doses, under 100 mSv, is crucial since this is the range most relevant to the general population. Additionally, some have suggested that this level, about 100 mSv, may represent a threshold dose of radiation below which there is no excess risk of leukemia. Evidence from this study suggests, on the contrary, that there is significant risk even at these lower doses, and that the current system of radiological protection is prudent and not overly protective.

Data for this analysis came from more than 250,000 individuals aged 21 or younger at the time of first exposure and were contributed from nine cohort studies (from Canada, France, Japan, Sweden, the UK, and the US) enrolled between June 4, 1915, and December 31, 2004.

Reference: Little, M. et al. Leukaemia and myeloid malignancy among people exposed to low doses (<100 mSv) of ionizing radiation during childhood: A pooled analysis of nine historical cohort studiesLancet Haematology. DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3026(18)30092-9

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

In South Australia pro nuclear people have been seeded into positions of power

Regina McKenzie  Fight To Stop Nuclear Waste Dump In Flinders Ranges SA, 2 Aug 18
We went to speak to Dan vanpelican , he stated that the State Liberal Party is going to change the legislation of the prohibition act, hmmm so the Premier is going to OK this filthy dump .
Barb Walker  Federal Government have always said they will override state legislation if they have to.  Marshall is weak and he is ignoring the people who put him in as Premier. He knows South Australia has already said a clear NO to the storage of nuclear waste. He is worthless.
Anne McMenamin This is not unexpected. It brings the International Dump back onto the agenda. Those who said that this will never happen because we have protective legislation forget how easily legislation can be changed. Remember who is the Libs’ Senior Policy Director – and now look at the Head of the Dept of Premier and Cabinet.

Many of these people have strong pro-nuclear beliefs, and want to see us with nuclear power, nuclear-powered subs (remember the French subs we’re going to be building were designed for nuclear power), more uranium mining, and, of course, the international dump. If you look into the bios of many of these people, you will find that there are a series of revolving doors between the military, weapons manufacturing and/or mining industries, academia, and public service. Pro-nuclear people have been “seeded” into many positions of influence.  https://www.facebook.com/groups/344452605899556/?multi_permalinks=787166124961533

August 3, 2018 Posted by | politics, South Australia | Leave a comment

USA State of New Mexico unable tom stop Holtec nuclear waste project

Lack of New Mexico say in nuclear waste project draws ire https://www.sfchronicle.com/news/article/Lack-of-New-Mexico-say-in-nuclear-waste-project-13126304.php Aug. 2, 2018 SANTA FE, N.M. (AP) — The chair of a New Mexico legislative committee that monitors radioactive and hazardous materials in the state says he finds it troubling Attorney General Hector Balderas has concluded the state cannot legally stop a New Jersey-based company from the building a nuclear waste storage facility.

Sen. Jeff Steinborn, D-Las Cruces, said Wednesday the state should have a say about the proposal and that he was disappointed in the attorney general’s opinion, The Hobbs News-Sun reports .

“It’s troubling that a project of this magnitude with this much exposure to the state — I mean exposure in the sense of the hazardous materials involved and long-term ramifications of it being here — that our state would not have a say in being able to approve it or not,” said Steinborn, who chairs interim Radioactive and Hazardous Materials Committee.

Balderas said in a letter last month the state cannot legally stop Holtec International from temporarily storing up to 100,000 metric tons of high-level nuclear waste in New Mexico.

Balderas cited the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 and two court cases clearly establishing two principles.

“(F)irst, that the NRC has the statutory authority to license and regulate consolidated interim nuclear waste storage facilities, and secondly, that the comprehensiveness of that federal regulatory scheme pre-empts virtually any state involvement,” Balderas wrote.

Holtec International, a New Jersey-based company specializing in nuclear storage, has applied to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission for a license to construct a nuclear waste storage facility about 35 miles (56 kilometers) east of Carlsbad.

The facility, to be located in western Lea County, could eventually store up to 10,000 shipments of spent nuclear fuel, as much as 120,000 metric tons of high-level radioactive waste, from nuclear power plants around the country. It would be stored just below the surface.

The facility is intended to be a temporary storage site, storing nuclear waste only until a permanent storage facility can be built. But opponents fear that it could become permanent because plans for a long-term repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, have stalled because of opposition.

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment

Former uranium workers call for compensation expansion

Noel Lyn Smith, Farmington Daily Times  Aug. 1, 2018  NM’s Tom Udall one of six senators sponsoring bill

SHIPROCK — Brimhall resident Leslie Begay Jr. worked as an underground miner for eight years in a uranium mining operation in Church Rock near Gallup.

The work done by Begay in the late 1970s to early 1980s is now impacting his health, including a diagnosis of interstitial lung disease, which requires him to use an oxygen tank.

On Tuesday, during a public meeting here, Begay voiced support for federal legislation to expand compensation under the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act to include those who worked in uranium mines after 1971 and those exposed to radiation from testing sites in the West and the Pacific Islands.

“As far as I’m concerned, we deserve it because we were never told how we can get so sick from this,” he said.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has reported that approximately 30 million tons of uranium ore was removed from the Navajo reservation from 1944 to 1986.

Former uranium workers and their relatives provided comments about the proposal in addition to remarks about problems in seeking compensation and health benefits during the public meeting at the Phil L. Thomas Performing Arts Center.

U.S. Sen. Tom Udall, D-N.M., is among six senators sponsoring the bill, which was introduced in January 2017 by Sen. Mike Crapo, R-Idaho.

A similar measure was introduced in April 2017 by U.S. Rep. Ben Ray Luján, D-N.M., who has called on the House Judiciary Committee to conduct a hearing on the proposal.

Tribal and federal officials spoke in favor of the RECA amendments in a June 27 hearing in the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Cal Curley, a field representative for Udall’s office, said this was the first time the proposal had been heard in a Senate committee hearing, despite the senator repeatedly sponsoring the legislation over the years.

Cudeii resident Phillip A. Harrison, who was a miner for 15 years in Arizona and Colorado, said the medical community needs to be more open to conducting the screening process for former miners who are seeking compensation claims……https://www.daily-times.com/story/news/local/navajo-nation/2018/08/01/former-uranium-workers-call-compensation-expansion/883472002/

August 3, 2018 Posted by | General News | Leave a comment